The Indian Dental Association recommends a dental check up by the child's first birthday.
In addition to checking for decay and other possible problems, the pediatric dental surgeon will teach you how to properly clean your Child's teeth daily, evaluate any adverse habits such as thumb sucking and identify your Child's fluoride needs.
Humans have two sets of teeth :
Milk / Deciduous teeth : These are also called as baby teeth and these start erupting between 6 months and 1 year of age and begun falling from 6 years onwards till about 13 yrs. There are total of 20 milk teeth in a child's mouth.
Permanent teeth : Start erupting from the age of 6 years. Generally 32 permanent teeth are present last to erupt are wisdom teeth between 18-25 years of age.
CARE FOR MILK TEETH
This starts as soon as the child is born. After feeding, the baby's gums should be
wiped with a clean cloth or sterile gauze. Begin brushing your Child's teeth with
little boiled water as soon as the first tooth appears. Once the child learns how to
rinse out, a pea-size amount of toothpaste is used. We recommend use of
Fluoridated toothpaste as it helps to protects against cavity (decay) formation.
DECAY IN MILK TEETH
A serious form of tooth decay among young children is 'baby bottle tooth decay'.
This is caused by frequent and long exposures of infants teeth to liquids which
contains sugar such as milk (including breast milk), fruit juices and other
sweetened drinks. This is generally observed in children who are given bottle
while they are sleeping. The milk forms a rich sugary layer on teeth. Bacteria
consume this & start forming acids which dissolves the tooth structure to form cavities. This is generally seen in upper front teeth.
NEED TO TREAT MILK TEETH
Early loss, decayed, over retained milk teeth can directly affect the development and position of the permanent teeth erupting beneath and cause irregularities in them. Hence, the child unknowingly becomes a candidate for future dental treatment. Thus milk teeth are very important for healthy eruption of permanent teeth.
Children are very different from adult patients. They need to feel at home and safe before allowing anyone, even a doctor, to help him/her. Our friendly staff is trained to take care of the children & make them comfortable in the Dental Office. Very soon the child will find our clinic more as an area of interest than as on area of fear. Various behavior modulation techniques are used before the child is actually treated. Computer Animation programmes help the child to develop interest & understanding of dentistry. Specialized instruments are used to treat children which make treatments smoother & faster.
PREVENTION OF DECAY IN MILK TEETH
Fluoride Treatment : A specialized treatment in which a concentrated fluoride Gel is applied to the teeth to reduce the chances of decay. The fluoride reacts with the enamel and makes it more resistant to attack by decay producing bacteria. It is done at a regular intervals of 6 months.
Pit and fissure sealants : Sealants are special free flowing materials which seal (fill) the pits and fissures (grooves) on the chewing surfaces of teeth. This prevents the food from getting stuck in these areas and hence reduces cavity formation. These make the tooth strong from inside and more resistant to decay.
Brushing after meals.
Minimizing sticky food in between meals.
Using a fluoridated toothpaste.
Eating fibrous foods like fruits and vegetables.
Regular Dental check-ups.
Good habits established at an early age are important in helping your child maintain good oral health throughout life...